Xanax (Alprazolam): Details about the Medication

What is Xanax? Xanax belongs to the class of benzodiazepines and is an anti-anxiety medication. Xanax’s common use is to treat depression, anxiety, panic attacks, and symptoms associated with anxiety and depression. Xanax got approved by the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in October 1981. It works by reducing the brain’s abnormal excitement as BenzodiazepinesRead More


What is Xanax?

Xanax is a type of benzodiazepine medication used to treat anxiety, depression, panic attacks, and associated symptoms. It was approved by the FDA in October 1981 and works by reducing abnormal brain excitement and producing calming signals in the central nervous system.

Xanax helps balance imbalanced brain chemicals, reducing nervous tension and anxiety. It enhances the production of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a natural chemical in the brain. This medication is only available with a prescription from a doctor.

What to know before taking Xanax?

Prior to starting Xanax medication, it is important to consider the following:

  • Inform your doctor about any allergic or unusual reactions to medications and disclose any allergies to substances such as dust, flowers, animals, or food.
  • Avoid taking Xanax if you are on antifungal medications.
  • Notify your doctor if you have breathing issues like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or sleep apnea.
  • Inform your doctor if you are experiencing depression, anxiety, mood swings, or suicidal thoughts.
  • Disclose any history of drug or alcohol addiction to your doctor.
  • Inform your doctor if you have kidney or liver issues.
  • Avoid taking Xanax if you are pregnant, as it may harm the baby and cause dependence.
  • Breastfeeding mothers should avoid taking Xanax.
  • Xanax should not be taken by individuals below 18 years of age.

How to take Xanax?

Xanax should be taken as prescribed by the doctor. Follow all directions provided on the prescription label. Do not take more than the recommended amount or for longer than prescribed. If you feel you are becoming addicted to the medication, consult your doctor. Misuse of Xanax can lead to overdose, addiction, or even death.

It is important to note that selling Xanax without a proper prescription is illegal. The medication should not be used for more than four months to treat anxiety disorder or more than ten months to treat panic attacks. Consult your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or worsen. If using Xanax long-term, regular tests may be required. Do not stop taking Xanax suddenly without consulting your doctor, as withdrawal symptoms may occur.

Xanax dosage

The dosage of Xanax varies from patient to patient. Follow your doctor’s advice or the directions on the label. The following information provides average doses of Xanax. Do not change your dose unless advised by your doctor.

For panic attacks:

  • Oral dosage (tablets):
  • Adults: 0.5 to 1 milligram (mg) once a day, with possible dose increases as determined by the doctor (not exceeding 10 mg/day).
  • Older adults: 0.5 mg in the morning once a day, with possible dose increases as determined by the doctor.

For anxiety attacks:

  • Oral dosage (tablets, solution, or orally disintegrating tablets):
  • Adults: 0.25 milligram (mg) 3 times a day, with possible dose increases as determined by the doctor (not exceeding 10 mg/day).
  • Older adults: 0.25 mg, 2 or 3 times a day, with possible dose adjustments as determined by the doctor.


Symptoms of Xanax overdose may include confusion, impaired coordination, tiredness, diminished reflexes, and coma. In severe cases, overdose can be fatal. If an overdose occurs, seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What to avoid while using Xanax?

Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Xanax, as it can cause dangerous side effects. Refrain from driving or operating heavy machinery to prevent accidents and injuries. Grapefruit products can interact with Xanax and lead to unpleasant side effects, so it is best to avoid them.

Xanax side effects

Common side effects of Xanax include dizziness, increased saliva production, and drowsiness. Consult your doctor if these side effects persist or worsen. To minimize dizziness, rise slowly from a lying or sitting position.

Seek immediate medical attention if you experience severe side effects such as trouble speaking, memory issues


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