Oxycodone: Facts about the Drug


Oxycodone: Facts about the Drug

What is Oxycodone?

Oxycodone is a type of medication classified as an opioid agonist. It has a chemical formula that resembles endorphins, which are natural substances in the brain that help reduce pain signals.

Doctors prescribe oxycodone to treat moderate to severe pain. It can be prescribed for both short-term and long-term use, depending on the patient’s needs. Oxycodone is available in various forms, including immediate-release and extended-release tablets, capsules, and solutions.

Important Considerations before Taking Oxycodone

Prior to taking oxycodone, it is crucial to be aware of certain factors:

  • Avoid taking oxycodone if you are allergic to it or if you have severe asthma or any other breathing issues, intestinal or stomach blockage, or if you are already using a similar type of medication.
  • Avoid taking oxycodone if you have taken an MAO inhibitor within the last 14 days. MAO inhibitors include medications such as isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, rasagiline, and selegiline.
  • Inform your doctor about any medical conditions you have had or currently have, including breathing issues, sleep apnea, head injuries, brain tumors, seizures, drug or alcohol addiction, mental illness, lung, kidney or liver infections, thyroid disorder, adrenal disease, urination problems, gallbladder or pancreas infections.
  • Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers should avoid using oxycodone as it may harm the baby.

How to Take Oxycodone?

It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions and the prescription label when taking oxycodone. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or take it for a longer period than prescribed.

Do not share this medication with others, as improper use can lead to unpleasant situations, overdose, and addiction. Selling or buying oxycodone without a proper prescription is illegal.

Do not break or crush oxycodone pills to inhale the powder or mix it with liquid for injection. This can be fatal. Consult your doctor before discontinuing the medication to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

Properly dispose of any leftover medication after completing the prescribed course.

Oxycodone Dosage

The dosage of oxycodone prescribed by your doctor depends on various factors, including age, symptoms, the severity of the condition, other medical issues, and the patient’s response to the initial dose.

Dosage for Moderate to Severe Pain

Oxycodone Immediate-Release Tablets

For Senior Adults (65 years or above):

Due to potential risks, older adults may require a dosage adjustment based on their kidney function. The doctor will determine the appropriate dosage after a thorough examination.

For Adults (18-64 years of age):

If you are new to this medication, your doctor may start with a dose of 5mg to 15mg, to be taken every 4-6 hours. The dosage may be adjusted based on your response to the drug.

For Children (0-17 years of age):

Oxycodone immediate-release tablets should not be prescribed to children below 17 years of age.

Oxycodone Extended-Release Tablets

For Senior Adults (65 years or above):

Due to potential risks, older adults may require a dosage adjustment based on their kidney function. The doctor will determine the appropriate dosage after a thorough examination.

For Adults (18-64 years of age):

If you are new to this medication, your doctor may start with a dose of 10mg, to be taken every 12 hours. The dosage may be adjusted based on your response to the drug.

For Children (11-17 years of age):

The dosage for children in this age group will be determined by the doctor based on their symptoms.

For Children (0-10 years of age):

Oxycodone extended-release tablets should not be prescribed to children below 11 years of age.

Overdose

If you experience symptoms of an oxycodone overdose, seek

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