What is Dilaudid?
Dilaudid, also known as Hydromorphone or dihydromorphinone, is a prescription opioid drug used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is commonly prescribed for long-term pain management in cancer patients. Dilaudid works by altering the brain’s response to pain. It can be taken orally or through injection and provides relief for approximately 5-6 hours. It is important to note that Dilaudid is a highly addictive medication, and its misuse, addiction, or overdose can be fatal. It is illegal to buy or sell Dilaudid without a proper prescription.
What to know before taking Dilaudid?
Prior to taking Dilaudid, it is essential to consider the following factors:
- Avoid taking Dilaudid if you are allergic to any of its components or other narcotic drugs.
- Do not take Dilaudid if you have breathing issues, sleep apnea, stomach or intestinal blockage, or paralytic ileus.
- Avoid Dilaudid if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the last 14 days, as it can be dangerous.
- Inform your doctor about any existing medical conditions, including breathing problems, addiction to drugs or alcohol, mental illness, history of head injury or seizures, liver or kidney infections, urination problems, sulfite allergy, thyroid issues, gallbladder or pancreas problems, and adrenal gland disorders.
- Expecting and breastfeeding mothers should avoid Dilaudid due to potential harm to the baby and risk of dependence.
How to take Dilaudid?
It is crucial to follow the prescribed dosage and instructions provided by your doctor when taking Dilaudid. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or frequency without consulting your doctor. If you feel that the medication is not effectively relieving your pain, discuss this with your doctor. Dilaudid can be habit-forming, even at regular prescribed doses, so it is important to avoid sharing it with others. If you plan to stop taking Dilaudid, consult your doctor to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Unused medication should be properly disposed of through a drug take-back program or by flushing it down the toilet.
The dosage of Dilaudid prescribed by your doctor depends on various factors, including age, symptoms, the severity of the condition, and other medications you may be taking.
Dosage for severe pain
For older adults (65 years or more):
The dosage for older adults may need to be adjusted due to potential kidney function issues. Your doctor will determine the appropriate dosage after a thorough evaluation.
For adults (18 to 64 years of age):
The typical dosage for adults is 2-4 mg of Dilaudid every 4-6 hours. Your doctor may adjust the dosage based on your individual needs.
For children (below 17 years of age):
Dilaudid is not recommended for children below 18 years of age.
If you suspect an overdose of Dilaudid, seek immediate medical help by calling the poison helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Do not ignore potential overdose symptoms, as they can be life-threatening. Symptoms of Dilaudid overdose include slow breathing, slow heartbeat, severe drowsiness, muscle weakness, cold and clammy skin, and pinpoint pupils.
What to avoid while using Dilaudid?
Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Dilaudid, as it can have dangerous interactions. Refrain from activities that require alertness, such as driving or operating heavy machinery, while under the influence of this medication.
Dilaudid side effects
Common side effects of Dilaudid may include constipation, nausea or vomiting, stomach pain, flushing, dizziness or drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, tiredness, sweating, mild itching, and mood swings. If these side effects become bothersome, consult your doctor. It is important to inform your doctor immediately if you experience noisy breathing, impotence, confusion, mood swings, infertility, missed menstrual periods, severe weakness or drowsiness, light-headedness, or low cortisol levels. Seek medical attention right away if you have symptoms of serotonin syndrome, such as agitation, hallucinations, fever, sweating, shivering, fast heart rate, muscle stiffness, twitching, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting,