What is Diazepam?
Diazepam is a type of medication known as a benzodiazepine. It works by increasing the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter responsible for transmitting signals in the central nervous system. Insufficient levels of GABA can lead to anxiety and instability. Diazepam helps to increase GABA levels, reducing anxiety, seizures, and muscle spasms. It is commonly prescribed by doctors to treat conditions such as anxiety, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, skeletal muscle spasms, and certain types of seizures. In some cases, diazepam may be prescribed in combination with other medications.
What to know before taking diazepam?
Before taking diazepam, it is important to inform your doctor if you are allergic to diazepam or any similar drugs such as Klonopin or Xanax. You should also avoid taking diazepam if you have severe breathing problems, sleep apnea, a severe lung infection, myasthenia gravis (a muscle weakness disorder), alcoholism, or addiction to any drugs. Additionally, you should inform your doctor if you have glaucoma, kidney or liver infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), asthma, mental illness, drugs or alcohol addiction, epilepsy, or other seizure disorders. Diazepam should not be taken by pregnant or breastfeeding women, and it is not recommended for children under six months of age.
How to take diazepam?
It is important to follow the directions provided by your doctor when taking diazepam. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or use the medication for a longer period than prescribed. Diazepam can be habit-forming, and misuse or excessive use can lead to addiction. Buying or selling diazepam is illegal. If you are not experiencing satisfactory results or have any concerns, consult your doctor. Do not abruptly stop taking diazepam, as it may cause withdrawal symptoms. Regular blood tests may be necessary while taking this medication. Keep diazepam stored safely and out of reach of children. Dispose of any leftover medication properly after completing the prescribed course.
The dosage of diazepam will vary depending on the individual. It is important to follow your doctor’s advice or the instructions on the medication label. The following are average doses of diazepam for different conditions:
- Anxiety: For older adults, 2-2.5 mg once or twice a day. For adults, 2-10 mg two to four times a day. For children above six months, 1-2.5 mg three or four times a day.
- Alcohol withdrawal: For older adults, 2-2.5 mg once or twice a day. For adults, 10 mg three or four times for the first 24 hours, then 5 mg three or four times a day as needed.
- Muscle spasms: For older adults, 2-2.5 mg one or two times a day. For adults, 2-10 mg three or four times a day. For children above six months, 1-2.5 mg three or four times a day.
- Seizures: For older adults, 2-2.5 mg once or twice a day. For adults, 2-10 mg two to four times a day. For children above six months, 1-2.5 mg three or four times a day.
If you suspect an overdose of diazepam, seek immediate medical help as it can be fatal. Symptoms of an overdose may include depression, confusion, diminished reflexes, respiratory depression, ataxia, and lethargy. It is important to closely monitor patients taking diazepam to prevent overdose.
What to avoid while using diazepam?
Avoid consuming alcohol while taking diazepam, as it can have dangerous interactions. Activities that require alertness should also be avoided, as dizziness and drowsiness are common side effects of the medication. Grapefruit should be avoided as it may lead to unwanted side effects when combined with diazepam.
Diazepam side effects
Diazepam can cause drowsiness, muscle weakness, ataxia, tremors, dizziness, headache, constipation, dry mouth or excessive saliva, nausea, and fatigue. These side effects are generally mild, but if they become severe, consult your doctor. Severe side effects may include worsening of seizures, changes in brain