Demerol: Details about the Medication


Demerol: Details about the Medication

What is Demerol?

Demerol, also known as Pethidine or meperidine, is a synthetic opioid medication belonging to the phenylpiperidine class. It is prescribed by doctors to treat moderate to severe pain and other medical conditions. Demerol is available in oral and injection forms, but it can only be obtained with a valid prescription.

What to know before taking Demerol?

Prior to taking Demerol, it is important to consider the following:

  • Avoid this medication if you are allergic to it or any of its components, or if you have severe asthma, a blockage in the stomach or intestine, or have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past two weeks.
  • Inform your doctor about any medical issues you have had, including head injuries, brain tumors, seizures, addiction to drugs or alcohol, mental illness, urination problems, liver infections, kidney disease, adrenal gland problems, gallbladder issues, thyroid gland dysfunction, sickle cell anemia, or abnormal curvature of the spinal cord affecting breathing.
  • Pregnant women and lactating mothers should avoid using Demerol due to potential harm to newborns and nursing babies.

How to take Demerol?

It is crucial to follow your doctor’s instructions and the prescription label when taking Demerol. Do not exceed the recommended dosage and consult your doctor if you experience any unusual effects. Misuse, abuse, or addiction to Demerol can be life-threatening.

Do not stop taking Demerol without consulting your doctor, as it may lead to unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Store the medication at room temperature, away from heat and moisture, and keep it out of reach of children. Check the expiry date before using Demerol.

After completing your treatment, dispose of any leftover medication properly. You can consult a nearby pharmacist for assistance or flush it down the toilet.

Demerol dosage

The dosage of Demerol prescribed by your doctor depends on various factors, including age, weight, symptoms, the seriousness of the condition, other medical issues, and concurrent medications. The following are average dosage ranges:

Dosage for adults

In oral form

Take 50 mg to 150 mg every 3 to 4 hours, with a maximum daily amount of up to 600 mg.

Through injection

Take 50 mg to 150 mg every 3 to 4 hours. Intramuscular injections are preferred for repeated doses.

Dosage for children

In oral form

Administer 1.1 mg to 1.8 mg/kg of the child’s weight every 3 to 4 hours, with a maximum daily amount of up to 600 mg. The maximum single quantity can range from 50 mg to 150 mg.

Through injection

Administer 1.1 mg to 1.8 mg/kg of the child’s weight every 3 to 4 hours. Intramuscular injections are preferred for repeated doses. The maximum single quantity can range from 50 mg to 150 mg.

Overdose

If you experience symptoms of Demerol overdose, such as slow breathing, slow heart rate, severe drowsiness, weakness, cold/clammy skin, bluish skin or lips, fainting, or coma, seek immediate medical assistance. You can also contact the poison helpline at 1-800-222-1222.

What to avoid while using Demerol?

Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Demerol, as it can have dangerous interactions. This medication may impair your thinking and reaction time, so be cautious when driving or engaging in activities that require alertness.

Demerol side effects

Common side effects of Demerol include dizziness, drowsiness, headache, nausea, and vomiting. If these symptoms become severe or bothersome, consult your doctor for assistance.

Stop taking Demerol and inform your doctor if you experience allergic reactions, slow heartbeats, shallow breathing, sleep apnea, drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, confusion, mood swings, constipation, tremors, involuntary muscle movements, seizures, low cortisol levels, or symptoms of serotonin syndrome.

What drugs can interact with Demerol?

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