Azithromycin: Medication Details


Azithromycin: Medication Details

What is Azithromycin?

Azithromycin is an antibiotic belonging to the macrolide class of drugs. It is prescribed by doctors to treat various bacterial infections, including middle ear infections, throat infections, pneumonia, diarrhea, and intestinal infections. It is also used to treat sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, as well as malaria. Azithromycin works by inhibiting protein production in the body, which stops bacterial growth. It is available in tablet, oral suspension, eye drop, and injection forms and can be obtained with or without a prescription.

Precautions before taking Azithromycin

Avoid taking Azithromycin if you are allergic to it or any of its components, or if you have experienced liver problems or jaundice while using this medication. Inform your doctor if you are allergic to similar drugs such as clarithromycin, erythromycin, or telithromycin. Additionally, disclose any history of liver disease, heart disease, kidney disease, myasthenia gravis, heart rhythm disorder, or low potassium levels in the body. Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers should consult their doctor before using this medicine.

How to take Azithromycin?

Take Azithromycin exactly as prescribed by your doctor and follow all instructions on the prescription label. Do not take it more often than prescribed. The dosage will depend on your condition and symptoms. Azithromycin is available in different forms, and the appropriate type and dosage will be determined by your doctor. Complete the full course of treatment even if you start feeling better. Store Azithromycin at room temperature away from heat and moisture, and keep it out of reach of children. Dispose of any leftover medication with the help of your pharmacist after completing the treatment.

Azithromycin dosage

The dosage of Azithromycin prescribed by your doctor will depend on factors such as age, weight, symptoms, the seriousness of the condition, other medical issues, and other medications you are taking. The following are some average doses of Azithromycin for various bacterial infections:

Dosage for community-acquired pneumonia, tonsillitis, and skin infections

Initial dose of 500 mg, followed by 250 mg once a day for five days. Dosage may be adjusted by your doctor if necessary.

Dosage for mild-to-moderate bacterial COPD exacerbations

500 mg once a day for three days. Dosage may be adjusted by your doctor if necessary.

Dosage for sinus infection

500 mg once a day for three days. Dosage may be adjusted by your doctor if necessary.

Dosage for chancroid genital ulcers

One single dose of 1 gram. Dosage may be adjusted by your doctor if necessary.

Dosage for urethritis and cervicitis

One single dose of 1 gram. Dosage may be adjusted by your doctor if necessary.

Dosage for gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis

One single dose of 2 grams. Dosage may be adjusted by your doctor if necessary.

Overdose

If you suspect an overdose of Azithromycin or experience any discomfort while taking the medication, consult your doctor or call the poison helpline at 1-800-222-1222.

What to avoid while using Azithromycin?

Avoid taking antacids containing aluminum and magnesium within two hours before or after taking Azithromycin, as they can make the medication less effective. Also, avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, as it may increase the risk of sunburn. Additionally, avoid medications that can cause irregular heart rhythm or QT prolongation.

Azithromycin side effects

Common side effects of Azithromycin may include diarrhea, headache, upset stomach, and nausea or vomiting. If these symptoms become severe or bothersome, consult your doctor for medical assistance. Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if you experience severe stomach pain, fast or pounding heartbeats, fluttering in the chest, shortness of breath, sudden dizziness, liver problems, allergic reactions, or severe drug reactions.

Drug interactions with Azithromycin

Inform your doctor about all over-the-counter medications you are taking or have taken recently, as they may interact with Az

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