Ativan: Details about the Medication

Ativan: Details about the Medication

What is Ativan?

Ativan, also known as lorazepam, is a prescription medication used to treat anxiety disorder and seizure disorder.

Ativan belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines, which work by altering the brain’s chemical composition. It stimulates the release of GABA, a neurotransmitter responsible for transmitting information between neurons. By enhancing the effects of GABA and clearing information blockages, Ativan promotes feelings of calm and relaxation.

Due to its potential for addiction, Ativan is regulated by the FDA and can only be obtained with a doctor’s prescription from a licensed pharmacy.

Important information

Avoid using Ativan if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, myasthenia gravis, severe respiratory insufficiency, or allergies to Valium or similar drugs.

Using Ativan during pregnancy can cause congenital disabilities or life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in newborns.

Ativan can be habit-forming, so it should only be used under a doctor’s supervision. Sharing this medication with others, especially those with a history of substance abuse or addiction, is not recommended. Keep Ativan in a secure place where it cannot be accessed by unauthorized individuals, particularly children.

Mixing Ativan with alcohol, opioid medications, or other drugs that cause drowsiness or slow down breathing can lead to fatal side effects.

What to know before taking Ativan?

Avoid using Ativan if you have narrow-angle glaucoma or a history of allergic reactions to benzodiazepines.

Consult your doctor about the safety of Ativan if you have glaucoma, seizures, kidney or liver disease, depression, mood problems, suicidal thoughts or behavior, alcohol or drug addiction, or breathing problems.

Using Ativan during pregnancy can result in dependence and severe withdrawal symptoms in newborns. Breastfeeding should also be avoided while taking this medication.

Ativan is not suitable for individuals under 12 years old.

How to take Ativan?

Take Ativan exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the instructions on the prescription label and read the medication guide provided with the drug. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or use Ativan for longer than prescribed. Inform your doctor if you feel the need to take more of this medication.

Ativan can be habit-forming, so prolonged use can lead to addiction and increase the risk of overdose and death. It is illegal to share Ativan with others.

Do not use Ativan for longer than four months unless advised by your doctor. Inform your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or worsen.

Do not stop using Ativan abruptly, as it can cause unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Store the medication at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep track of your medication intake to prevent misuse or overdose.

Ativan dosage

The appropriate dosage of Ativan for treating anxiety and seizures depends on various factors, including the condition being treated, the patient’s age, the severity of the condition, other medications being taken, other medical conditions, and the patient’s response to the medication. Follow your doctor’s recommended dosage and do not alter the intake without consulting them.

The typical Ativan dosage is as follows:


  • Initial dose: 2mg-3mg
  • Take orally 2-3 times a day
  • Maintenance dose: 1-2mg orally 2-3 times a day

Insomnia due to anxiety

  • Start with 2-4mg
  • Take orally at bedtime
  • The doctor may adjust the dosage based on your body’s response


An overdose of Ativan can cause difficulty breathing, drowsiness, low blood pressure, confusion, lethargy, and coma. If you experience these symptoms after taking the medication, seek immediate medical attention or contact Poison Control Centres at 800-222-1222. In severe cases, go to the nearest emergency room or call 911.

What to avoid while using Ativan?

Ativan can cause dizziness and impair concentration. Avoid activities that require focus and coordination, such as driving or operating heavy machinery, until the effects of the medication wear off. This will help prevent falls, accidents, and injuries.

Ativan side effects

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