What is Betamethasone?
Betamethasone is a type of steroid medication that belongs to the class of drugs known as anti-inflammatory drugs. It is commonly available under brand names such as Alphatrex, Del-Beta, Diprosone, Sernivo, Dovobet, and Occlucort. Doctors prescribe Betamethasone to treat various conditions including rheumatic disorders, skin diseases, allergic diseases, preterm labor, Chron’s disease, and certain cancers.
Forms of Betamethasone
Betamethasone is available in different forms, including:
- Injection (Celestone soluspan)
- Lotion (betamethasone dipropionate)
- Ointment (betamethasone dipropionate)
- Cream (betamethasone dipropionate)
- Aerosol foam (Luxiq)
- Spray (sernivo)
- Cream (betamethasone valerate)
- Ointment (betamethasone valerate)
- Lotion (betamethasone valerate)
- Regularly visit your doctor and undergo proper checkups to avoid unwanted side effects.
- Do not stop taking Betamethasone without consulting your doctor to prevent withdrawal symptoms.
- Avoid medical errors.
- Avoid using cosmetics or other skincare products on the affected areas.
- Consult your doctor to determine the suitable form of Betamethasone for your condition.
Precautions before taking Betamethasone
Avoid taking Betamethasone if you are allergic to it or any of its components, or if you have a history of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), severe illness or infection in the past few weeks, tuberculosis or a family history of tuberculosis.
Inform your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical issues:
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Thyroid disorder
- Parasite infection resulting in diarrhea
- Herpes infection in the eyes
- Muscle disorder
- Kidney disease
- Cirrhosis or any other liver disease
- Mental illness or psychosis
- Stomach ulcers, diverticulitis, colostomy, ileostomy
- Perforation in the stomach or intestine
- Osteoporosis (low bone mineral density)
Pregnant women should consult their doctor before using Betamethasone, and lactating mothers should avoid using it as it may harm their child.
How to take Betamethasone?
Take Betamethasone exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all instructions on the prescription label and medication guide. Do not exceed the recommended dosage and maintain consistency throughout the treatment. Consult your doctor if you do not experience any improvement or if your condition worsens.
Keep the medication out of reach of children and store it at room temperature away from heat and moisture. After completing the treatment, consult your pharmacist for proper disposal of any leftover medication.
The dosage of Betamethasone prescribed by your doctor depends on several factors, including age, weight, symptoms, the seriousness of the condition, other medical problems, and other medications being taken. The doctor may prescribe different dosages of Betamethasone (topical form) for different medical conditions.
For itching, swelling, and redness of the skin
In the form of gel, cream, lotion, or ointment:
- For adults and children above 13 years: Apply the medicine to the affected area once or twice a day.
- For children below 13 years of age: Betamethasone should not be prescribed.
For Psoriasis (mild to moderate)
In the form of spray:
- For adults: Apply the medicine to the affected area twice a day. Betamethasone spray should not be used for more than four weeks