Allopurinol: Medication Details


Allopurinol: Medication Details

What is Allopurinol?

Allopurinol, also known by its brand name Zyloprim, is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor prescribed by doctors to treat high levels of uric acid in the blood. It is used to prevent gout and kidney stones and maintain a healthy uric acid level in the body. Allopurinol works by reducing the production of uric acid. It is available in oral tablets and injections, but can only be obtained with a doctor’s prescription.

Important Information

  • Regularly visit your doctor and undergo frequent blood and urine tests while taking Allopurinol.
  • Follow your doctor’s advice on maintaining a healthy diet and engaging in regular exercise while on this medication.
  • Consult your doctor before taking any over-the-counter medications while using Allopurinol.
  • If you have kidney stones, limit your intake of sodium, animal protein, calcium-rich foods, and foods high in oxalate.

What to know before taking Allopurinol?

Avoid taking Allopurinol if you are allergic to it or any of its components. Inform your doctor about any medical conditions you have or have had, including kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, cancer, bone marrow problems, or high uric acid levels.

How to take Allopurinol?

Take Allopurinol exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all instructions on the prescription label and medication guide carefully. Do not exceed the recommended dosage and remain consistent throughout the treatment. If you do not experience any improvement in your condition, consult your doctor. Keep the medication out of reach of children and store it at room temperature away from heat and moisture. After completing the treatment, consult your pharmacist for proper disposal of any leftover medication.

Allopurinol Dosage

The dosage of Allopurinol prescribed by your doctor depends on various factors, including age, weight, symptoms, severity of the condition, other medical issues, and other medications being used. The doctor may adjust the dosage based on different medical conditions.

In the form of oral tablets:

Dosage for gout

  • For adults: Daily 100 mg to 300 mg, once a day or divided doses as advised by your doctor. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 800 mg.
  • For children: The dose will be determined by the doctor after a full medical check-up.

Dosage for high uric acid caused by cancer

  • For adults (above 11 years): 600 mg to 800 mg of Allopurinol tablet once a day or divided doses for 2 to 3 days.
  • For children (6 to 10 years): 300 mg once a day or divided doses for 2 to 3 days.
  • For children (below 6 years): 150 mg once a day or divided doses for 2 to 3 days.

Dosage for kidney stones

  • For adults: Daily 200 mg to 300 mg, once a day or divided doses as advised by your doctor. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 800 mg.
  • For children: The dose will be determined by the doctor after a full medical check-up.

Overdose

If you feel uneasy while taking Allopurinol, consult your doctor or seek medical assistance. You can also call the poison helpline number at 1-800-222-1222. There are no specific overdose symptoms for Allopurinol.

What to avoid while using Allopurinol?

Be cautious while driving or engaging in activities that require alertness and attention, as Allopurinol may impair your thinking process or reaction time. Avoid consuming alcoholic drinks while using Allopurinol, as it may worsen your symptoms.

Allopurinol side effects

Common side effects of Allopurinol include drowsiness, rashes, abnormal liver function test results, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, headache, and loss of taste. If these symptoms become bothersome or unbearable, consult your doctor for medical assistance. Stop taking the medication and inform your doctor if you experience skin rashes, allergic

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Additionally, a 400 Bad Request

Your browser sent a request that this server could not understand.
error was encountered while trying to use an ErrorDocument to handle the request.