Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects attention, activity, and behavior levels.
- It can impact a child’s learning ability, school performance, and relationships with family and friends.
- ADHD has genetic and environmental factors, and is associated with several mental health, neurological, and physical conditions.
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a condition that causes difficulties with controlling focus or attention, and regulating activity and behavior levels. If left untreated, it can lead to problems with self-control, school performance, emotions, memory, friendships, family relationships, and other life situations.
Causes and Risk Factors
The exact causes of ADHD are still unknown, but genetic and environmental factors play a significant role. Smoking or drinking during pregnancy, premature delivery or low birth weight, and exposure to toxic substances can increase the risk of developing ADHD. Family stresses such as violence, financial difficulties, harsh or inconsistent parenting, and family breakup can also worsen symptoms.
How Prevalent is ADHD?
ADHD affects more than 5% of school children worldwide and nearly 4% of adults across the world. It is three times more common in males than in females.
What Other Conditions Can Occur with ADHD?
ADHD can occur with other conditions such as speech and language difficulties, autism spectrum disorder, specific learning difficulties, epilepsy, acquired brain injury, Tourette’s syndrome, and other tic disorders. It can also be associated with mental health conditions such as anxiety, behavior disorders, or mood disorders. Physical conditions such as sleep difficulties, asthma, and vision and hearing problems can also be present in individuals with ADHD.
What Are the Symptoms of ADHD?
Symptoms of ADHD include difficulty concentrating or focusing on tasks, absent-mindedness, being easily distracted, experiencing issues sitting still, and interrupting people while they talk.
What Are the Types of ADHD?
The three types of ADHD are predominantly hyperactivity-impulsive, predominantly inattentive, and a mix of both. Symptoms depend on the type of ADHD an individual has.
What Is the Difference Between ADD versus ADHD?
ADD is an outdated term used to describe individuals who have problems focusing but aren’t hyperactive. The current name for the condition is ADHD, which includes three types: predominantly hyperactivity-impulsive, predominantly inattentive, and a mix of both.
How Does ADHD Occur in Adults?
More than 60% of children who have ADHD still show symptoms as adults. Treatment is important, as untreated ADHD in adults can negatively affect many aspects of life.
How Is ADHD Diagnosed?
There’s no single test to diagnose ADHD. Your doctor will evaluate any symptoms you or your child has had over the past half-year, gather information from teachers or relatives, and perform a physical exam to check for other medical issues.
How Is ADHD Treated?
Treatment for ADHD typically includes social or behavioral therapies, medications, or both. Psychotherapy or talk therapy and behavior therapy can help manage symptoms. Prescription medications such as stimulants and non-stimulants can also be helpful.
Are There Natural Solutions for Managing ADHD?
Following a healthy lifestyle, practicing yoga or meditation, and avoiding certain allergens and food additives are some natural solutions that may help manage ADHD symptoms.
What Are Some Useful Tips for Coping with ADHD?
Establishing a reliable schedule with structure and regular expectations, using lists and reminders, and learning more about the condition can help individuals with ADHD manage their symptoms.
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